Complete Guide to Trademark Classes
To get a trademark, you will need to be able to report which class or classes your trademark will cover. This can change the registration process and fees, but deciphering 45 different divisions can become confusing for many people.
There are 45 different classes of trademarks that cover different categories of goods and services. The first 34 classes cover goods and the last 11 are various services. When registering a trademark, each class of goods or services included under the trademark must be reported.
Now that you know that there are 45 classes of trademarks, let’s go into more detail about each one. Keep reading below!
Trademark classes are divided up by good versus services and topical categories. Check out this table for a concise description of each of the 45 classes, what fits in each class, and what some commonly mistaken exceptions are.
|Number||Category||Description||Examples||Exceptions to the class (and where it should actually go)|
|1||Chemicals||Chemicals that are used in industry, science, agriculture, and production||Putties, composts, adhesives, food additives, fire extinguishing||Chemicals for medical/veterinary use (5), household adhesives (16), pesticides and herbicides (5)|
|2||Paints||Paints, colorants, and preparations for arts, crafts, and industry use||Ink, varnish, lacquer, dye, preservatives against rust/deterioration||Cosmetic dyes (3), stationary ink (16), unprocessed artificial resin (1), laundry blueing (3)|
|3||Cosmetics and Cleaning||Non-medicated toiletries and cleaning products||Deodorant, room fragrance, polish, laundry bleach||Make-up brushes (21), cleaning rags (21), medicated soaps (5)|
|4||Lubricants and Fuels||Industrial oils, greases, fuels, and illuminants||Electrical energy, candles, gasoline, wax, leather preservation oil||Leather tanning oils (1), dental wax (5), lighters (34), massage candles (3)|
|5||Pharmaceuticals||Medical or veterinary pharmaceuticals and other products||Dietary supplements, sanitary preparations, medicated toiletries, diapers||Vitamins and antioxidants (1), bandages (10), diet foods (29,30, or 32)|
|6||Metal Goods||Common metals, alloys, ores, and items made from those metals||Metal building materials, metal hardware, metal containers, safes||Metals used for their chemical properties (1), electric cables (9), other metal goods classified by their function|
|7||Machinery||Machines and their tools, motors, engines||Vending machines, incubators, motor parts, electric cleaning machines, non-transportation vehicles||Land vehicles and their motors/engines (12), medical machinery (10), robots (various)|
|8||Hand Tools||Manually operated tools||Gardening tools, cutlery, hammers, chisels, razors, knives||Surgical knives and tools (10), serving utensils (21), motorized tools (7)|
|9||Electrical and Scientific Equipment||Instruments, technology, and equipment for scientific, research, and safety purposes||Simulators, navigation instruments, magnifying glasses, traffic lights, alarms, magnets, protective clothing||Laboratory lamps and burners (11), protective clothing for sports (28)|
|10||Medical Equipment||Medical, surgical, dental, and veterinary instruments||Bandages, contraceptive devices, operating tables, prosthetics, specialized clothing, and furniture for medical purposes||Sanitary products for absorption (5), wheelchairs (12), hospital beds (20)|
|11||Environmental Control Equipment||Installations for cooking, ventilating, heating, lighting, sanitizing, cooling, water supply, and drying||Air conditioners, ovens, toilets, fountains, electronic equipment for making food, sterilizers, lamps||Generators (7), portable baby baths (21), non-electric cooking utensils (21), medical lamps or heaters (10)|
|12||Vehicles||Vehicles for the transportation of people or goods across land, air, or water||Motors, engines, transmission, wheels, vehicle parts||Toy remote control vehicles (28), Tricycles, scooters, and toy bikes (28), fire engines (9)|
|13||Firearms||Firearms; including ammunition, pyrotechnics, and explosives||Flares, air pistols, sporting firearms, hunting firearms, personal defense sprays, fireworks, projectiles||Blades as weapons and sidearms other than firearms (8), matches (34), telescopic sights (9)|
|14||Jewelry||Precious stones, precious metals, their alloys, and goods made from them||Jewelry (including imitation), key chains, charms, cuff links, clocks, watches, jewelry boxes||Smartwatches (9), works of art made from precious metals (6)|
|15||Musical Instruments||Instruments, parts, and accessories for creating music||Music stands, conductor’s batons, music boxes, strings, reeds, tuning instruments||Music recording or amplifying devices (9), downloadable sheet music or music recordings (9), metronomes (9)|
|16||Paper or Printed Goods||Paper goods, cardboard products, and office supplies||Paper clips, pencil sharpeners, envelopes, disposable paper products, photographs, stationery, and accessories||Cigarette paper (34), paper plates/bowls/cups (21), sandpaper (3)|
|17||Rubber Goods||Insulating materials for manufacturing use||Rubber stoppers, shock-absorbing buffers, rubber for tire repair, tubes, and hoses||Insulating glass (19), fire hose (9), dental rubber (5), rubber erasers (16),|
|18||Leather Goods||Leather, leather imitations, and goods made from leather materials||Luggage, bags, wallets, saddles, collars, whips, leashes, animal skins||Leather clothing, footwear, belts, or headwear (25), bags classified by what they carry (various)|
|19||Nonmetallic Building Supplies||Materials used in building and construction, except anything made from metal||Wooden beams/planks, terracotta, roofing supplies, granite, marble, gravestones, asphalt, tar||Preservatives and protections for concrete (1), linoleum (27), lumber that has not been cut or treated (31)|
|20||Furniture and Unclassified Goods||Furniture and any goods that are not classified by their material or purpose||Blinds, bedding, mirrors, goods made of wicker, bone, shell, wood, reed, cork, or amber||Any goods that can be classified by their function or use (various), laboratory furniture (9), medical furniture (10)|
|21||Houseware and Glass||Household and kitchen tools, usually small and manually operated||Serving utensils, fly-swatter, combs, toothbrushes, nutcrackers, mortar and pestle||Electric appliances (7), kitchen tools for cutting (8), lice combs (10), mirrors (20)|
|22||Fiber and Cordage||Raw, fiber materials for making textile products||Ropes, nets, tents, sails, stuffing materials, hammocks, vehicle covers, animal-sourced fibers||Strings for musical instruments (15), strings for sports racquets (28), padding or stuffing made from plastic (17)|
|23||Yarn and Thread||Natural or synthetics yarns and threads for textiles||Spun silk, cotton, or wool, sewing thread, embroidery thread||Surgical thread (10), elastic thread (17)|
|24||Fabric||Textiles, linens, and fabrics that are mainly for household use||Sleeping bags, mosquito nets, bedspreads, pillow shams, towels||Horse blankets (18), decorative bead curtains (20), insulating fabric (17)|
|25||Clothing||Clothing for people; including footwear and headwear||Costumes, sports uniforms, bibs, pocket squares, parts of clothing||Protective clothing, footwear, or headwear (9), clothing for animals (18), doll clothes (28)|
|26||Fancy and Decorative Goods||Decorative items that don’t fit in other classes designed for adorning a variety of things||Wigs, hair clips and bands, buckles, garlands, zippers, hair curling tools, ribbons, bows||Fake eyelashes (3), eyelash curlers (8), paper ribbons and bows (16)|
|27||Floor Coverings||Permanent and non-permanent coverings for walls and floors||Carpets, bath mats, rugs, wallpaper, turf, yoga mats||Tile (6), wooden floorboards (19), electrically heated flooring (11), mats for playpens (20)|
|28||Toys and Sporting Goods||Toys, games, sports equipment, and certain amusement items||Game controllers, fishing rods and tackle, toys, games, video games, sporting equipment, Christmas tree decorations||Christmas tree lights (11), protective sporting equipment (9), diving equipment (9)|
|29||Meats and Processed Foods||Animal products and foods that have been prepared or preserved in some way||Meat, fish, poultry, game, eggs, milk, cheese butter, jams/jellies, milk substitutes, nuts and seeds, oils, and fats||Baby food (5), dietary supplements (5), salad dressing (30), live animals (31), animal food (31)|
|30||Staple Foods||Plant-based foods that are processed||Flour, bread, pastries, coffee, tea, ice cream, sugar, yeast, salt, seasonings, condiments, ice, cereal, sandwiches, pies||Fresh herbs (31), raw cereal (31), salt for industrial use (1), food for medical use (5)|
|31||Natural Agricultural Products||Raw and unprocessed food products and food for animals||Fresh produce, fertilized eggs, live animals, unprocessed nuts, seeds, and grains, animal litter||Rice (30), tobacco (34), animal food that is medicated or has dietary supplements (5)|
|32||Non-Alcoholic Beverages and Beers||Beverages that do not contain alcohol, and beer||Beer, flavored water, sparkling water, juice, syrups for flavoring, soft drinks||Milk-based beverages (29), lemon juice (29), tomato juice (29), coffee/tea drinks (30)|
|33||Wine and Spirits||Any alcoholic drink, except beers||Wine, spirits, liqueurs, alcoholic cider, alcoholic fruit extract||Non-alcoholic wine (32), beers (32), mixers for alcoholic drinks (32), liquid medicines (5)|
|34||Smoking Goods||Tobacco, tobacco substitutes, and items used for smoking||Matches, cigarettes, cigars, vapes, herbs for smoking, flavoring for cigarettes, lighters, ashtrays||Batteries for electronic cigarettes (9), chargers for electronic cigarettes (9), car ashtrays (12)|
|35||Advertising and Business||Services that involve advertising, managing, operating, or organizing a business||Advertisements, promotions, book-keeping, auditing, legal registrations, scheduling, file management||Financial management services (36), real estate (36), graphic design for advertisements (42), copyright management (45)|
|36||Insurance and Financial||Services related to finances, banking, real estate, insurance||Financial transactions, appraisals, check verification, loans, credit management||Business transactions and financial records (35), evaluation of wool or timber (42)|
|37||Building Construction and Repair||Construction, installation, repair, and extraction||Mining, oil drilling, roads, buildings, restoration services, maintenance services, cleaning||Transformations beyond cleaning or restoring (40), installation of computer software (42)|
|38||Telecommunication||Services that enable communication between parties||Broadcasting, e-mail, radio, phone, videoconferencing, online forums||Radio advertising or telemarketing (35),|
|39||Transportation and Storage||Packaging, storing, and transporting goods, people, or animals||Operating transportation stations, vehicles, and facilities, packaging goods, loading and unloading goods||Advertising transportation (35), travel insurance (36), vehicle repair (37)|
|40||Treatment of Materials||Mechanical and chemical processing, transforming or producing goods||Dyeing, preservation treatments, soldering/welding, processing food, quilting, customization||Maintenance and repair (37), painting or plastering (37), anti-rust treatments (37)|
|41||Education and Entertainment||Services that aim to educate, train, entertain, or amuse||Exhibitions, translations, publication, photography, news, fitness training, sporting events, gambling, online gaming services||Radio broadcasting (38), spa services (44), wedding planning (45)|
|42||Computer and Scientific||Services that involve technology use, analysis, or research||Engineering, coding, surveying, data security, virus protection, software||Computer file management (35), computer hardware (37), sound engineering (41)|
|43||Hotels and Restaurants||Services that provide, food, drink, and/or accommodations||Reservations, animal boarding, rental services, personal chef, renting rooms, retirement homes||Business management of hotels or restaurants (35), housekeeping (37), pet sitting (45)|
|44||Medical, Beauty, and Agricultural||Medical, hygienic, and beauty services for humans or animals, as well as agriculture||Hospital, dentistry, optometry, veterinary, pharmacy, animal grooming, spa, dietary advice, pest control, weed control, floral art||Non-agricultural pest control (37), animal boarding (43), animal training (41), gyms (41)|
|45||Personal Services||Legal, security, or social services||Investigation, surveillance, personal advocacy, lawyering, social escort, marriage services, funeral services||Escorting travelers (39), security transportation (39), protecting software (42), performances (41)|
As you can tell from the table, there are a few different factors that go into other separation and definitions of classes. The biggest division is between goods and services. Classes 1-34 are the goods. These are various items, equipment, and products that are part of the commercial market. Classes 35-45 are all services. These are actions that someone is performing that are bought and sold on the commercial market. The services classes are simply divided by topic.
The 34 goods classes are divided up mainly according to the purpose but also based on the material used to produce the good. A lot of the exceptions are removed from a certain class because they are used for a specific purpose. Class 9 (scientific equipment) and class 10 (medical equipment) have their contents based completely on the use of the good. This is why you can see furniture (20) and hand tools (8) that are actually classified under 9 or 10 because they have a specific use. Materials like metals, plastics, and textiles help define a lot of the other classes, but the ultimate reason that one good is placed in a certain class is because of its purpose.
Why Classes Matter
When you register a trademark with the USPTO (United States Patent and Trademark Office), you will need to register under the correct class, and may even register under multiple classes. Trademarks are protected based on what class they are in, meaning that two separate individuals or companies could have identical trademarks as long as they are in different classes. Before registering a trademark, you will need to do a trademark search in each class you need to register under. Check for any existing trademark that is similar enough to yours to be confusing. Checking with each class of interest will help you ultimately get all the protection you need for your trademark.
It will cost more to register under more classes, but it will also provide more trademark protection. Once you are registered, no one else can register a trademark that is similar to yours in any of the classes you are registered under.